How to open Restaurant, cafe in Japan
1 Government’s permit is necessary
2 Necessary documents, equipment to get this permit.
3 I will assist you to get this license
Restaurant business permit
If you want to start a restaurant, cafe ( Inshokuten = 飲食店, food shop ) in Japan, you need to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ).
And in order to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ), you need to know about relevant laws.
If you want to operate a hotel in Japan and serve meals to your guests, you also need to know about this information.
If you are living in detached house, as far as you can prepare necessary equipment (sinks, water heater etc), you can get cafe, restaurant business permit with your house.
You can obtain this license even without incorporation of company in Japan. You can be sole proprietor.
You can find my articles “Which is better to operate business by company or sole proprietor” in this website.
(If you do not want to use time to read through this article, you can hire me. I will do everything to obtain this license.)
Chef license is not necessary
In Japan, if you want to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ), necessary qualification is as below.
So, you can operate restaurant business without chef license (調理師免許 ＝ chourishi menkyo ).
As for Food sanitation supervisor （食品衛生責任者 ）
In the case you operate restaurant business, you need to appoint food sanitation supervisor.
This is a person in charge of sanitation, hygiene, food safety of your restaurant.
You need to appoint a Food sanitation supervisor at each restaurant.
When you appoint Food sanitation supervisor, you need to file the appointment with local health care center.
In the case you become Food sanitation supervisor, you need to take a lecture conducted by authority concerned.
When you or your employee have obtained necessary license mentioned above , you can prepare necessary documents and facilities, equipments.
These licenses are one of necessary documents to make application for restaurant business permit.
Necessary days to get food business license
It it better that you submit necessary documents to obtain restaurant business permit to public health care center about 10 days prior to completion of construction of your facility.
If you submit necessary documents 1 months prior to completion of construction, officers need to wait for completion of your facility for several weeks.
If you submit necessary documents 3 days prior to completion of construction, officer can not come to your office after several days of completion of construction. Then, it will hold off commencement of your operation.
You cannot submit necessary papers by post, but you need to go to local public health care office.
Then, if office does not find any problem in your facility, equipments, documents, public health care center ( Hokenjo ) will issue certificate
Range of restaurant business permit
And now you can start your restaurant business in Japan.
Once you have obtained restaurant business permit, you can manage following business.
However, you cannot operate following business with restaurant business permit.
As for bar, you can not provide alcohol after 12 pm midnight.
In order to provide it, you need to submit Notification of commencement of business that provideｓ alcohol during midnight.
In order to sell unprocessed raw fish, meat, you need to obtain other license.
However, you can provide Sashimi ( sell picture ) at your restaurant without other license of 魚介類販売業, 食肉販売業.
When you want to operate hostess bar with female companions, you need to obtain other license below. ( Named ” Fuuzoku eigyou kyoka “)
Necessary equipment to operate restaurant business in Japan.
In order to operate restaurant business in Japan, your facility needs to be equipped with necessary equipment.
So, before you order your interior decorator, you need to consult with officer of public health care center.
Public health care center that has jurisdiction over your restaurant is enacted.
When you visit Hokenjo, you need to bring drawing of your restaurant.。
If you have already ordered interior decorator, they will provide you drawing map.
In the case a foreign national operates restaurant business in Japan, you need to obtain necessary status of residence in Japan.
Authority concerned with starting restaurant business in Japan
Depending on details of your business plan, you need to obtain several permit from several authorities.
（Public health center, Fire department, Police department, Tax office, Labor standard inspection bureau, social insurance office)
Authority : Public health center
Authority : Fire department
Authority : Police department
Authority : Tax office
Authority : 職業安定所
Authority : social insurance office = しゃかいほけんじむしょ
By the way, if you hope to invite a chef from your home country, the chef needs to obtain Skilled Visa (Gino visa).
So you can refer to this page ➡ How to work as a chef in Japan ?
If I start a food business in Japan. Example of Business Plan
Do you know 焼き鳥大吉 ? It is a franchise group of Japanese Grilled Chicken Kebab (like seven eleven etc.).
As of 2020, there are about 600 franchisee shops in Japan.
If I become a franchisee of food business, I would like to join this franchise group.
焼き鳥大吉 business model has some good points.
They do not make shop close to station. Because there are many food shop, bar close to station and many of them use red signboard. So even if I start with Red signboard, it will not stand out.
And rental fee of space close to station is very expensive. So I will make food shop in residential area where there are not other food shop, bar.
My customers will be only neighboring persons. So I can not expect many customers. That is why, I will rent small space. I will sustain my food shop only by familiar customers.
In the case of 焼き鳥大吉, operator of each shop needs to prepare food material by himself. So I will purchase necessary materials from neighboring small vegetable shop, meat shop. In this way, I will make personal connection with neighboring persons.
Space of my shop will be 30 square meters and the number of customer seat will be 20. I will hire one part time employee.
Estimated sales amount is 1.5 million yen per month.
This food shop is very small. So I can see every customer’s situation. It is very important to become acquaintance with customers.
And each customers may get acquaintance with other customers. If they can know each other, they will come to my shop to meet with their familiar persons.
焼き鳥大吉 is community based food shop. Even in the case of covid-19 situation, this kind of shop is sustainable. Familiar customers are willing to purchase grilled chicken to eat out.
Actually no franchisee closed their business during situation of corona virus.
In the case of 焼き鳥大吉, franchisee can rent shop space from head office (franchiser) by payment of 1.5 million yen (participation fee). In this case monthly rental fee for franchiser is 270,000 yen.
Cost rate (cost to purchase food material) will be 30% of sales price.
Labor cost for employee will be 15% of sales price, royalty will be 30000 yen per month.
In this way, I will be able to receive 500,000 yen per month.
If this business goes well, I can purchase the shop space from head office. In that case I need to pay 50,000 yen per month instead of 270,000 yen.
Delivery of food and law of Japan
Assumed that you are operating a restaurant in Japan.
You may hope to use motorbike or vehicle to deliver meals to customers.
However in order to use motorbike or vehicle to deliver food, you need to take necessary process.
Actually, two illegal delivery cases were sent to prosecutors office recently.
They delivered meals to customers without necessary notification or permit of government several times.
According to Motor Truck Transportation Business Act (貨物自動車運送事業法), when a person delivers items (including food, beverage) for business purpose by motor bike or car, notification or permit of government is necessary (depending on size of motor bike or car).