Vat Refund in Japan
Let’s assume that you are non-resident of Japan and purchase a vehicle in Japan and export it to India.
In this case, as long as you can satisfy some requirements, you can receive a consumption tax refund.
Japanese consumption Tax — 消費税 (shōhizei) is the country’s equivalent of the VAT/GST/Sales taxes that can be found in other countries. Japanese shōhizei is levied on the sales amount that is generated in Japan.
This is important. If you buy a vehicle in Japan and sell it in India, the sales is not generated in Japan but in India. Therefore you can receive a tax refund from the Japanese tax authorities.
How to calculate amount of Refunded VAT in Japan
At first, I would like to explain system of VAT of Japan. As I mentioned above, in Japan, VAT is correspond with Consumption tax — 消費税 (shōhizei).
Assumed that you purchases a pencil at 110 yen in Japan and sell it at 200 yen in Japan. When you purchase it, VAT is included.
“¥100 × ¥1.1 (VAT) = ¥110″
VAT Rate is 10%.
You paid VAT of ¥10.
Then when you sell the Pencil at ¥200 to customer in Japan, amount of VAT is ¥20.
“¥200 × ¥1.1 (VAT) = ¥120″
So you receive VAT of ¥20 from customer.
And you need to pay Received VAT of ¥10 to the tax office on behalf of customer.
¥20 – ¥10 = ¥10
This is called “Indirect taxation”.
In case of exporting, you (business operator) do not need to pay VAT
Assumed that you purchases a pencil at 110 yen in Japan and EXPORT it and sell it at 200 yen in India.
When you purchase it, VAT is included.
“100 yen × 10% =10 yen.”
You paid VAT of 10 yen.
But you do not sell the pencil in Japan.
In the case you do not sell it in Japan, you can apply for refund of VAT of Japan.
How to apply for VAT refund in Japan
Assumed that you do not have office in Japan. You just come to Japan and stay in Hotel and purchase a vehicle.
In this case you need to appoint Tax Agent (Nozei Kanrinin) who has a legal address in Japan and notify his contact information to tax office.
Because tax office needs to contact your tax agent in Japan to confirm details.
And You need to be a Taxable person (Kazei Jigyosha) of VAT of Japan.
If the amount of taxable sales amount (of Reference period) is more than 10 million yen, you can be taxable person of VAT of Japan automatically.
Or if capital amount of your company is 10 million yen, your company can be taxable person of VAT of Japan automatically.
But you (Vehicle Exporter) will not have sales amount of 10 million yen or more in Japan.
So you need to be a Taxable person (Kazei Jigyosha) to receive Refund of VAT of Japan.
When you become a taxable person of VAT and if the amount of received VAT is more than the amount of paid VAT, you need to pay VAT to Tax Office of Japan.
You purchased a pencil (100 yen Pre-tax price) + 10 yen (VAT).(Transaction 1)
You sell it at 200 yen in Japan.(200 yen Pre-tax price) + 20 yen (VAT).(Transaction 2)
In this case you need to pay 10 yen to tax office of Japan.
However if there is not Transaction 2, you do not have taxable sales amount in Japan. So you do not need to pay 10 yen to tax office of Japan.
On the contrary, you can receive refund of 10 yen from tax office of Japan.
So you can submit a paper to tax office to become a taxable person by due date.
Otherwise, you can not receive refund of VAT.
You can submit this paper to tax office.
If you (a person) purchase a vehicle in 10th, June, 2020, you need to submit this paper by end of 2020.
You need to keep an accounting book in order to receive your VAT refund in Japan
You can make accounting book that clarifies the amount of VAT paid by you.
Once you have prepared necessary documents to apply for VAT refund in Japan, you can submit tax filing.
After that Tax office will ask you to provide further evidence.
So you can provide documents that prove exporting of Vehicles etc.
Then if Tax office grants your application, your tax agent in Japan can receive your VAT refund.
Actually some persons tried to steal money by using this scheme.
So in the case of refund of VAT, tax office tries to confirm if your application for VAT is true or fake.
Actually you need to pay money to seller in Japan and pay VAT to him.
Then you actually need to export it to other country.
You need to prove it by evidence issued by third party.